What is MicroLED LED display technology?

Posted by Ross Noonan|13 Jun 2024

Clearing Up MicroLED Confusion Once and For All

The true definition of MicroLED can vary depending on who you ask, leading to industry confusion and the false claims. In this episode of LED Insights, we aim to clarify this debate with clear facts.

MicroLED, miniLED, and standard LED are defined by the size of the individual red, green, and blue diodes that make up a pixel. These diodes can be very small, measured in micrometres (µm), also known as microns. LEDs with RGB diodes larger than 200 µm qualify as standard LED, anything between 101 and 200 µm is considered miniLED, and anything equal to, or smaller than 100 µm is classified as MicroLED.

So Why All the Confusion?

The confusion mainly stems from resolution and pixel pitch. Many manufacturers claim that any product with a sub-1mm pixel pitch or one that uses COB technology with options for sub-1mm pixel pitch must be MicroLED. However, standard LED technologies like (SMD) and MiniLED can also achieve pixel pitches below 1mm, but this doesn’t make them MicroLED.

Here's a diagram showing how standard LED and MicroLED of the same pitch look. Note that although they have the same pitch, one uses MicroLED:


But Surely MicroLED Means Higher Resolution?

Now that we understand MicroLED refers to the size of the diodes and not the pixel pitch, we can appreciate that true MicroLED technology allows for much tighter pixel pitches of less than 0.9mm. Smaller RGB diodes mean smaller pixels, which means you can fit more pixels into a given area.

One example of this is our 54" EDGE Pro, utilising COB MicroLED, you can fit 1080p in a single cabinet!

With standard LED, the highest pixel density typically available on an LED module is a 0.9mm pixel pitch—the distance from the centre of one LED pixel to the centre of the next. It becomes challenging to position pixels closer together while maintaining display quality due to the physical size of the diodes.

So In Theory, Could We See MicroLED in Pixel Pitches Greater Than 1mm?

In short, yes, especially as they get brighter in their output. However, at the moment, brightness is their limiting factor. As MicroLED technology evolves, it may be used in wider pixel pitch displays. But why? One key benefit is contrast. The smaller the diodes, the more surface area of the display can be made with high-contrast materials, resulting in a much higher quality display in terms of visual clarity.

The Future of MicroLED Technology

In summary, understanding the true definition of MicroLED—based on the size of the diodes rather than the pixel pitch—helps to clear up much of the confusion in the industry. MicroLED technology, with its smaller RGB diodes, allows for much tighter pixel pitches and higher pixel densities, providing superior resolution and clarity.

While standard LED technology has its limitations in achieving higher pixel densities, MicroLED opens the door to new possibilities. As this technology continues to evolve, we may see MicroLEDs being used in larger pixel pitch displays, offering significant benefits in terms of energy efficiency and contrast. This advancement will undoubtedly lead to even higher quality displays, enhancing the viewing experience with more detailed and vibrant visuals.

Stay tuned for future episodes of LED Insights, where we will delve deeper into more topics surrounding LED display technology. As always, our goal is to provide you with the latest information to help you stay informed in this rapidly evolving field.

Thank you for joining us, and we look forward to exploring more exciting developments with you soon!